The Nexus 7 is an Android tablet computer co-developed by Google and Asus, the first tablet entry in the Nexus series. The Nexus 7 is a 7-inch tablet, primarily competing with similar devices such as the Nook Tablet, Kindle Fire and the Blackberry Playbook.
The Nexus 7 was unveiled at Google I/O on June 27, 2012 for release by mid-July, and became immediately available for pre-order through Google Play the same day. Initial shipments will be confined to the US, Canada, UK, Republic of Ireland and Australia.
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In an interview in December 2011 with an Italian newspaper, Google’s Eric Schmidt had confirmed that the company would unveil a tablet within 6 months, owing to increased competition between the company and Apple. While Schmidt did not specifically refer to it as such, it was inferred to be a Nexus device. By May 2012, information and benchmarks began to leak about the tablet—revealing that it would be an Asus-produced device known as the “Nexus 7”, which would have a 7-inch screen, a quad-core Tegra 3 processor, and version 4.1 of Android.
Google officially unveiled the Nexus 7 at its I/O developers conference in San Francisco on June 27, 2012. The device is intended to take advantage of the content available through web services such as Google Play—including e-books, music, television programs, and movies. It was given out to Google I/O attendants, along with a Galaxy Nexus cellphone with Jelly Bean pre-installed, the Nexus Q, and a Chromebox the following day.
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The Nexus 7 will be shipped with the latest version of Android, 4.1, codenamed Jelly Bean. Additionally, it will ship with Chrome as its web browser. The Nexus 7 does not completely use the widescreen-optimized interface used by other Android tablets; instead using a new interface mode in Android 4.1 optimized for 7-inch tablets. This new mode utilizes a design closer resembling the interface used by Android 4.0 phones (including a launcher designed for use in the portrait orientation, and notifications being accessed from the top of the screen instead of the bottom-right corner). However, apps can still use the same widescreen-optimized layouts used by larger tablets.
The Nexus 7 is based on the Asus MeMO ME370T, although many aspects of the device were modified during a 4 month design process. The tablet features:
7-inch LED backlit 1280×800@60Hz pixel IPS display (Hydis HV070WX2) fused to Corning scratch-resistant glass
1.2 GHz Quad-core (plus one “companion” core) Nvidia Tegra 3 processor with a 12-core graphics chip (T30L – 4 x Cortex A9 SoC)
1 GB DDR3 RAM (Hynix HTC2G83CFR)
NFC (NXP 65N04)
Wi-Fi b/g/n with Bluetooth 4.0 (Broadcom BCM4330 paired with AzureWave AW-NH665)
Gyroscope and accelerometer (Invensense MPU-6050), magnetometer
GPS (Broadcom BCM4751)
Front-facing 1.2 MP camera (Aptina MI 1040)
Rechargeable 4325 mAh, 16 Wh Li-ion non-removable battery
As with all Google Nexus program devices, Nexus 7 also features a pogo pin interface available for future accessories. Notably, HDMI via port or MHL, expandable microSD slot, and official support for USB flash drives via OTG are not available